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王健林20%所得税优惠确定,创投吃下“定心丸”

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    这一次,创投行业可以“睡个好觉”了。国务院总理李克强12月12日主持召开国务院常务会议,决定实施所得税优惠促进创业投资发展,加大对创业创新支持力度。会议决定,在已对创投企业投向种子期、初创期科技型企业实行按投资额70%抵扣应纳税所得额的优惠政策基础上,从明年1月1日起,对依法备案的创投企业,可选择按单一投资基金核算,其个人合伙人从该基金取得的股权转让和股息红利所得,按20%税率缴纳个人所得税;或选择按创投企业年度所得整体核算其个人合伙人从企业所得,按5%-35%超额累进税率计算个人所得税。政策实施期限暂定5年。在基岩资本副总裁岑赛铟看来,创投行业由于行业本身的特性,和我国的实体经济利益与共,共患难同荣辱。促进创投行业的发展,对于我国的创新创业将起到明显的推动作用,可以有效的解决我国中小企业融资难的问题。“今天国常会对创投缴税的政策是基金行业顶层制度安排的重大举措,意义深远。”业内人士表示。20%优惠实锤落地“国家对创业投资一直是支持态度,将来不排除会有针对创投的特殊政策。”此前,一位VC老总向第一财经表示。“这个刚好跟我们上次讨论的问题对应,那个时候我说,将来不排除会有针对创投的特殊政策,这不,针对创投企业的优惠就出来了。”该大型VC总经理对第一财经表示。“对于已经备案的创业基金,投早期项目,个人LP可以按照20%的优惠税率执行。之前的时候很多省份是按照20%的优惠税率执行,但国家税务总局的文件又要求按照0-35%的阶梯来执行,这一次国务院给创投吃了’定心丸’,以后继续按照20%的优惠来执行。”12月12日晚间,中关村一位天使投资人士也告诉第一财经。“今年8月份国税局统一之前,各地的执行标准都不一样,因为之前对税法的解释有空间,各地政府为了促进创投发展不仅大多数选择按照20%执行,部分地区还推出税收的地方留成部分给予部分返还的优惠政策,国税局站在自己的立场必然是按照税率高的执行,所以我说这次国务院的政策是“安抚”了创投企业及其LP。”该大型VC总经理告诉记者。基石资本也认为,这次会议给创投行业个人所得税税率指明了方向,以前税法只明确了被投企业的分红按照20%的税率征收个人所得税,这次则增加了创投企业通过股权转让退出的收益也比照20%税率。另外,业内人士也指出,会议指出,对依法备案的创投企业,可选择按单一投资“基金”核算,按20%税率缴纳个人所得税。基金可做为核算单位,而不仅是按单一项目计税,明确基金收入性质是股息、红利和项目转让收益,而不是经营性收入。“以前的创投收税是按照项目收税,一个基金可能投了几个项目,20%的税收优惠是给了项目,给基金的话是35%。这次给到基金的话优惠也是20%,也就是说基金为核算单位还是第一次。”北京一位创投律师也告诉记者,原来合伙企业自然人合伙人参照个体工商户(经营性)纳税5-35%,而明确不是经营性,为参照股息等按20%提供了参考依据。另外,在基石资本看来,还需要明确IPO上市退出是否在此范围之内,在实践中,比如在一级市场投资股权,二级市场卖出股票是否属于股权转让,建议在实施细则中予以明确。利好创投和LP8月30日的一则消息曾引发了创投圈的“大地震”。当日有消息称各地方政府过去普遍实行的对有限合伙制基金征20%所得税的政策,在国税总局稽查局的检查工作中被认定为违反了相关规定,应当纠正。更严重的是,基金过去历年的税收也要按新的标准追缴,这就意味着一些过去几年业绩较好、LP退出金额较大的,可能需要补缴高达亿元级别的税收。“如果按照35%补缴,实际操作的难度也很大,因为钱已经分给了LP。”此前,杭州一位PEVC人士在接受采访时也表示。记者也了解到,有关PE税率上浮的传闻在2012年便有争论。业内人士表示,依据现行的规则35%符合税总的法规,但是按照行业发展需求,不满足行业现状。上述北京创投律师也告诉第一财经,今年来创投行业募资比较困难,增资也不好做,大资管下对行业的资金来源等监管也在加码,创投日子并不好过。“这次可以选择一律按照20%或者5%到35%的累进税率执行,而由于投资收益通常都比较大,之前只允许按照5%到35%的超额累进税率缴税的话,投资收益的相当大部分都会按照35%的税率征收,导致创投基金叫苦不迭,若是能按照20%征收,相当于缴税额下降了近75%,安抚了创投企业和其LP的信心。”上述一家大型VC老总进一步告诉记者。基金业协会的数据显示,截至2018年3季度末,在中国证券投资基金业协会登记的私募基金管理人24255家,管理资产规模12.80万亿元。其中,私募证券投资基金管理人8922家,管理资产规模2.39万亿元;私募股权与创业投资基金管理人14561家,管理资产规模8.44万亿元。基金业协会会长洪磊表示,下一步协会会进一步完善登记备案须知,优化登记备案流程,为市场合理展业提供清晰标准。今年底,协会将正式发布《私募股权投资基金管理人会员信用信息报告指引》,股权类机构信用信息报告将重点考察私募股权投资基金管理人的合规性、稳定度和专业度。

zhe yi ci, chuang tou hang ye ke yi" shui ge hao jue" le. guo wu yuan zong li li ke qiang 12 yue 12 ri zhu chi zhao kai guo wu yuan chang wu hui yi, jue ding shi shi suo de shui you hui cu jin chuang ye tou zi fa zhan, jia da dui chuang ye chuang xin zhi chi li du. hui yi jue ding, zai yi dui chuang tou qi ye tou xiang zhong zi qi chu chuang qi ke ji xing qi ye shi xing an tou zi e 70 di kou ying na shui suo de e de you hui zheng ce ji chu shang, cong ming nian 1 yue 1 ri qi, dui yi fa bei an de chuang tou qi ye, ke xuan ze an dan yi tou zi ji jin he suan, qi ge ren he huo ren cong gai ji jin qu de de gu quan zhuan rang he gu xi hong li suo de, an 20 shui lv jiao na ge ren suo de shui huo xuan ze an chuang tou qi ye nian du suo de zheng ti he suan qi ge ren he huo ren cong qi ye suo de, an 5 35 chao e lei jin shui lv ji suan ge ren suo de shui. zheng ce shi shi qi xian zan ding 5 nian. zai ji yan zi ben fu zong cai cen sai yin kan lai, chuang tou hang ye you yu hang ye ben shen de te xing, he wo guo de shi ti jing ji li yi yu gong, gong huan nan tong rong ru. cu jin chuang tou hang ye de fa zhan, dui yu wo guo de chuang xin chuang ye jiang qi dao ming xian de tui dong zuo yong, ke yi you xiao de jie jue wo guo zhong xiao qi ye rong zi nan de wen ti." jin tian guo chang hui dui chuang tou jiao shui de zheng ce shi ji jin hang ye ding ceng zhi du an pai de zhong da ju cuo, yi yi shen yuan." ye nei ren shi biao shi. 20 you hui shi chui luo di" guo jia dui chuang ye tou zi yi zhi shi zhi chi tai du, jiang lai bu pai chu hui you zhen dui chuang tou de te shu zheng ce." ci qian, yi wei VC lao zong xiang di yi cai jing biao shi." zhe ge gang hao gen wo men shang ci tao lun de wen ti dui ying, na ge shi hou wo shuo, jiang lai bu pai chu hui you zhen dui chuang tou de te shu zheng ce, zhe bu, zhen dui chuang tou qi ye de you hui jiu chu lai le." gai da xing VC zong jing li dui di yi cai jing biao shi." dui yu yi jing bei an de chuang ye ji jin, tou zao qi xiang mu, ge ren LP ke yi an zhao 20 de you hui shui lv zhi xing. zhi qian de shi hou hen duo sheng fen shi an zhao 20 de you hui shui lv zhi xing, dan guo jia shui wu zong ju de wen jian you yao qiu an zhao 035 de jie ti lai zhi xing, zhe yi ci guo wu yuan gei chuang tou chi le' ding xin wan', yi hou ji xu an zhao 20 de you hui lai zhi xing." 12 yue 12 ri wan jian, zhong guan cun yi wei tian shi tou zi ren shi ye gao su di yi cai jing." jin nian 8 yue fen guo shui ju tong yi zhi qian, ge di de zhi xing biao zhun dou bu yi yang, yin wei zhi qian dui shui fa de jie shi you kong jian, ge di zheng fu wei le cu jin chuang tou fa zhan bu jin da duo shu xuan ze an zhao 20 zhi xing, bu fen di qu hai tui chu shui shou de di fang liu cheng bu fen ji yu bu fen fan huan de you hui zheng ce, guo shui ju zhan zai zi ji de li chang bi ran shi an zhao shui lv gao de zhi xing, suo yi wo shuo zhe ci guo wu yuan de zheng ce shi" an fu" le chuang tou qi ye ji qi LP." gai da xing VC zong jing li gao su ji zhe. ji shi zi ben ye ren wei, zhe ci hui yi gei chuang tou hang ye ge ren suo de shui shui lv zhi ming liao fang xiang, yi qian shui fa zhi ming que le bei tou qi ye de fen hong an zhao 20 de shui lv zheng shou ge ren suo de shui, zhe ci ze zeng jia le chuang tou qi ye tong guo gu quan zhuan rang tui chu de shou yi ye bi zhao 20 shui lv. ling wai, ye nei ren shi ye zhi chu, hui yi zhi chu, dui yi fa bei an de chuang tou qi ye, ke xuan ze an dan yi tou zi" ji jin" he suan, an 20 shui lv jiao na ge ren suo de shui. ji jin ke zuo wei he suan dan wei, er bu jin shi an dan yi xiang mu ji shui, ming que ji jin shou ru xing zhi shi gu xi hong li he xiang mu zhuan rang shou yi, er bu shi jing ying xing shou ru." yi qian de chuang tou shou shui shi an zhao xiang mu shou shui, yi ge ji jin ke neng tou le ji ge xiang mu, 20 de shui shou you hui shi gei le xiang mu, gei ji jin de hua shi 35. zhe ci gei dao ji jin de hua you hui ye shi 20, ye jiu shi shuo ji jin wei he suan dan wei hai shi di yi ci." bei jing yi wei chuang tou lv shi ye gao su ji zhe, yuan lai he huo qi ye zi ran ren he huo ren shen zhao ge ti gong shang hu jing ying xing na shui 535, er ming que bu shi jing ying xing, wei can zhao gu xi deng an 20 ti gong le can kao yi ju. ling wai, zai ji shi zi ben kan lai, hai xu yao ming que IPO shang shi tui chu shi fou zai ci fan wei zhi nei, zai shi jian zhong, bi ru zai yi ji shi chang tou zi gu quan, er ji shi chang mai chu gu piao shi fou shu yu gu quan zhuan rang, jian yi zai shi shi xi ze zhong yu yi ming que. li hao chuang tou he LP8 yue 30 ri de yi ze xiao xi ceng yin fa le chuang tou quan de" da di zhen". dang ri you xiao xi cheng ge di fang zheng fu guo qu pu bian shi xing de dui you xian he huo zhi ji jin zheng 20 suo de shui de zheng ce, zai guo shui zong ju ji cha ju de jian cha gong zuo zhong bei ren ding wei wei fan le xiang guan gui ding, ying dang jiu zheng. geng yan zhong de shi, ji jin guo qu li nian de shui shou ye yao an xin de biao zhun zhui jiao, zhe jiu yi wei zhe yi xie guo qu ji nian ye ji jiao hao LP tui chu jin e jiao da de, ke neng xu yao bu jiao gao da yi yuan ji bie de shui shou." ru guo an zhao 35 bu jiao, shi ji cao zuo de nan du ye hen da, yin wei qian yi jing fen gei le LP." ci qian, hang zhou yi wei PEVC ren shi zai jie shou cai fang shi ye biao shi. ji zhe ye liao jie dao, you guan PE shui lv shang fu de chuan wen zai 2012 nian bian you zheng lun. ye nei ren shi biao shi, yi ju xian xing de gui ze 35 fu he shui zong de fa gui, dan shi an zhao hang ye fa zhan xu qiu, bu man zu hang ye xian zhuang. shang shu bei jing chuang tou lv shi ye gao su di yi cai jing, jin nian lai chuang tou hang ye mu zi bi jiao kun nan, zeng zi ye bu hao zuo, da zi guan xia dui hang ye de zi jin lai yuan deng jian guan ye zai jia ma, chuang tou ri zi bing bu hao guo." zhe ci ke yi xuan ze yi lv an zhao 20 huo zhe 5 dao 35 de lei jin shui lv zhi xing, er you yu tou zi shou yi tong chang dou bi jiao da, zhi qian zhi yun xu an zhao 5 dao 35 de chao e lei jin shui lv jiao shui de hua, tou zi shou yi de xiang dang da bu fen dou hui an zhao 35 de shui lv zheng shou, dao zhi chuang tou ji jin jiao ku bu die, ruo shi neng an zhao 20 zheng shou, xiang dang yu jiao shui e xia jiang le jin 75, an fu le chuang tou qi ye he qi LP de xin xin." shang shu yi jia da xing VC lao zong jin yi bu gao su ji zhe. ji jin ye xie hui de shu ju xian shi, jie zhi 2018 nian 3 ji du mo, zai zhong guo zheng quan tou zi ji jin ye xie hui deng ji de si mu ji jin guan li ren 24255 jia, guan li zi chan gui mo 12. 80 wan yi yuan. qi zhong, si mu zheng quan tou zi ji jin guan li ren 8922 jia, guan li zi chan gui mo 2. 39 wan yi yuan si mu gu quan yu chuang ye tou zi ji jin guan li ren 14561 jia, guan li zi chan gui mo 8. 44 wan yi yuan. ji jin ye xie hui hui chang hong lei biao shi, xia yi bu xie hui hui jin yi bu wan shan deng ji bei an xu zhi, you hua deng ji bei an liu cheng, wei shi chang he li zhan ye ti gong qing xi biao zhun. jin nian di, xie hui jiang zheng shi fa bu si mu gu quan tou zi ji jin guan li ren hui yuan xin yong xin xi bao gao zhi yin, gu quan lei ji gou xin yong xin xi bao gao jiang zhong dian kao cha si mu gu quan tou zi ji jin guan li ren de he gui xing wen ding du he zhuan ye du.

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3月底,社会金融规模存量208.41万亿元,比上年同期增长10.7%—社会金融经济规模。

    2019年4月12日,中央银行于3月底发布社会融资规模存量统计报告。报告显示,3月底社会融资规模存量208.41万亿元,比去年同期增长10.7%。据初步统计,3月底社会融资存量208.41万亿元,比去年同期增长10.7%。其中,向实体经济发放的人民币贷款余额140.98万亿元,增长13.8%,向实体经济发放的mvbox4 6 8官方下载_高鹰生殖中心外币贷款余额2.18万亿元,下降11.3%,委托贷款余额1youjjzz tube_高鹰生殖中心2.15万亿元,下降11%,信托贷款余额7.88万亿元。安,减少7.9%,非贴现银行承兑汇票余额40.1万元。公司债券余额20.79万亿元,增长10.5%,地方政府特殊债券余额7.81万亿元,增长40.4%,非金融企业股票余额7.06万亿元,增长4.2%。从结构上看,3月末人民币对实体经济贷款余额占同期社会融资规模存量的67.6%,比上年增长1.8个百分点12月12日是什么星座_高鹰生殖中心;外币对实体经济贷款余额占1%,比上年增长0.3个百分点。比上飓风战魂暗影空翼_高鹰生殖中心年下降;委托贷款余额占比5.8%,比上年下降1.5个百分点;信托贷款余额占比3.8%,比银行承兑汇票余额低0.7个百分点,占比1.9%,比上年下降0.5个百分点。R比上年增长;公司债券余额占比10%,与上年同期持平;地方政府特殊债券余额占比3.7%,比上年增长0.7个百分点;非金融企业股票余额占比3.4%,比上年增长0.2个百分点。比上一年低。注1:社会融资规模存量是指某一时期(月、季、年)末金融系统对实体freedur_高鹰生殖中心经济的资金余额。数据来自中国人民银行、中_高鹰生殖中心国银行业保险监督管理委员会、中国证券监督管理委员会、中央国债登记结算有限责任公司和银行间市场交易商协会。注2:自2018年7月以来,中国人民银行对社会融资规模统计方法进行了改进,将“存款类金融机构资产支持证券”和“贷款撤销”纳入社会融资规模统计,在“其他融资”项下反映。自2018年9月以来,中国人民银行将“地方政府特别债券”纳入社会融资规模统计。地方政府特别债券按照托管机构债权债务登记日计算。注3:本文中的同比数据具有可比性。责任编辑:李铁民

    

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